It is common to hear that the mortar used to bind the stones was made from human bones or that men are buried within the Great Wall of China to make it stronger. However, the mortar was actually made from rice flour. No human remains of any kind have ever been found in the Great Wall. Bummer. On the other hand, it’s kind of cool that anti-Qin propaganda worked so well we still think it’s true today, about 2,200 years later.
a team of magical girls, each granted powers based on their obscure music genre of choice
but no can you imagine like
the main char who’s p much a giant nerd who plays vidya and knows nothing about music just that she likes video game music except she discovers her powers based on 8bit and gets recruited into the team
at first she’s the weakest of them all w/ her powers being p much basic pew pew lasers but she’s fast and doesn’t need a lot of windup before she can go at it and that’s really important because her teammates need her to distract the enemy to buy time for them to compose their melodies or w/e
(and then she discovers her latent powers to p much emulate the abilities from any video game whose ost she’s memorized)
then there’s the classical chick whose weapon is a conductor’s baton and you’d think she’d abhor fighting and be all elegant and shit when really she just revels in epic orchestras and is tossing everyone into walls w/ the beat of the drum and there’s just so much violins (lol pun) when she’s involved
also the strategist who doesn’t really fight which is fine b/c her analyzing is bomb, but then when the battle gets serious she just spends half the time standing around on the sidelines posing or w/e and 8bit’s freaking out b/c ‘wow we’re getting our asses kicked here what do you think you’re doing’
but then classic goes ‘now!’ after luring the opponent into position and the bass just fucking /drops/ and suddenly the brainy tactician is just battering and pounding away w/ dubstep
“In Greek, whose color lexicon did not stabilize for many centuries, the words most commonly used for blue are glaukos and kyaneos. The latter probably referred originally to a mineral or a metal; it has a foreign root and its meaning often shifted. During the Homeric period it denoted both the bright blue of the iris and the black of funeral garments, but never the blue of the sky or sea. An analysis of Homer’s poetry shows that out of sixty adjectives describing elements and landscapes in the Iliad and Odyssey, only three are color terms, while those evoking light effects are quite numerous. During the classical era, kyaneos meant a dark color: deep blue, violet, brown, and black. In fact, it evokes more the “feeling” of the color than its actual hue. The term glaukos, which existed in the Archaic period and was much used by Homer, can refer to gray, blue, and sometimes even yellow or brown. Rather than denoting a particular color, it expresses the idea of a color’s feebleness or weak concentration. For this reason it is used to describe the color of water, eyes, leaves, or honey.”—
Michel Pastoureau, Blue: The History of a Color (via emmaylor)
The history of how and when civilizations and cultures throughout history began describing or ‘seeing’ or differentiating between the colors blue/green is fascinating
Hi, i don't know if this is too early for you, but is there any record of free black people in Roman times, specifically pre-empire? My father was saying that it was "very unlikely" for it to have been, but i think otherwise.
This is just another example of the overwhelmingly pervasive idea in our culture that no matter where or when you go in history, anyone who wasn’t Black and who SAW a Black person immediately thought, “Hey! Thisperson and everyone on earth who looks anything like them would make great slaves!” So…before we play remedial education, can we all take a moment to think about how horrible that is? That the idea of Black people=slaves is SO dominant that we project it into ancient history???
Okay, first of all, slavery in the Ancient Mediterranean was not the same as American chattel slavery. It was not race-based slavery. Your race had nothing to do with whether or not you were enslaved.
After Alexander the Great’s ventures in the Persian Empire, Hellenistic kingdoms were established throughout south-west Asia (Seleucid Empire, Kingdom of Pergamon) and north-east Africa (Ptolemaic Kingdom).
This resulted in the export of Greek culture and language to these new realms, and moreover Greek colonists themselves.
Equally, however, these new kingdoms were influenced by the indigenous cultures, adopting local practices where beneficial, necessary, or convenient. Hellenistic culture thus represents a fusion of the Ancient Greek world with that of the Near East, Middle East, and Southwest Asia, and a departure from earlier Greek attitudes towards “barbarian” cultures.
The Hellenistic period was characterized by a new wave of Greek colonization (as distinguished from that occurring in the 8th–6th centuries BC) which established Greek cities and kingdoms in Asia and Africa. Those new cities were composed of Greek colonists who came from different parts of the Greek world, and not, as before, from a specific “mother city”.
As explained above, what you would have had is a “melting pot” of many different languages, “races”, cultures, schools of art, ethnicities, et cetera.
The art of this period reflects that.
Greek architects and sculptors were highly valued throughout the Hellenistic world. Shown on the left is a terra-cotta statuette of a draped young woman, made as a tomb offering near Thebes, probably around 300 BCE. The incursion of Alexander into the western part of India resulted in some Greek cultural influences there, especially during the Hellenistic era. During the first century BCE., Indian sculptors in Gandhara, which today is part of Pakistan, began to create statues of the Buddha. The Buddhist Gandharan style combined Indian and Hellenistic artistic traditions, which is evident in the stone sculpture of the Buddha on the right. Note the wavy hair topped by a bun tied with a ribbon, also a feature of earlier statues of Greek deities. This Buddha is also wearing a Greek-style toga.
In general, Greek attitudes towards anyone with Black or dark brown skin were sort of ethnocentric, but not negative OR associated with slavery. After all, the idea of “white people” wouldn’t exist for another 1,500 years at LEAST.
Before Color Prejudice: The Ancient View of Blacks by Frank M. Snowden contains many, MANY invaluable interpretations and translations of primary sources that help to really explore attitudes and philosophies that the people in the time had about appearance, human difference, and personality traits. From page 86:
"Race" as we have this concept today did not exist then. the "races" they are talking about have to do with ethnicity and culture, NOT skin color by necessity. In addition, the "proto-racist" writing is describing geographical origin and climate to correlate with personality type, with the “perfect balance” being conveniently, Greeks.
"We’re looking at a population mix which is much closer to contemporary Britain than previous historians had suspected," Hella Eckhardt, senior lecturer at the department of archaeology at Reading University, said. "In the case of York, the Roman population may have had more diverse origins than the city has now.”
Isotope evidence suggests that up to 20% were probably long distance migrants. Some were African or had African ancestors, including the woman dubbed “the ivory bangle lady”, whose bone analysis shows she was brought up in a warmer climate, and whose skull shape suggests mixed ancestry including black features.
"We can’t tell if she was independently wealthy, or the wife or daughter of a wealthy man — but the bones show that she was young, between 18 and 23, and healthy with no obvious sign of disease or cause of death."
The authors comment: "The case of the ‘ivory bangle lady’ contradicts assumptions that may derive from more recent historical experience, namely that immigrants are low status and male, and that African individuals are likely to have been slaves. Instead, it is clear that both women and children moved across the Empire, often associated with the military."
Nah, try gunpowder and the rise of the merchant classes causing a social and military upheaval that led to a Germanic feudal idyll that was never more than a notion seldom thought of outside of poetry being sidelined and forgotten, only to be dug up again and romanticised in the Victorian period, but again never more than a seldom-practised idyll. Some utopian concept of the ‘good’ knight; the ‘good’ feudal butcherer, the ‘good’ imperialist-cum-gentleman (read: ‘the kind thug’, ‘the noble killer’).
[There is a] general principle of internet language these days that the more overwhelmed with emotions you are, the less sensical your sentence structure gets, which I’ve described elsewhere as “stylized verbal incoherence mirroring emotional incoherence” and which leads us to expressions like “feels,” “I can’t even/I’ve lost the ability to can,” and “because reasons.”
Contrast this with first-generation internet language, demonstrated by LOLcat or 1337speak, and in general characterized by abbreviations containing numbers and single letters, often in caps (C U L8R), smilies containing noses, and words containing deliberate misspellings.
We’ve now moved on: broadly speaking, second-generation internet language plays with grammar instead of spelling. If you’re a doomsayer, the innovative syntax is one more thing to throw up your hands about, but compared to a decade or two ago, the spelling has gotten shockingly conventional.
In this sense, doge really is the next generation of LOLcat, in terms of a pet-based snapshot of a certain era in internet language. We’ve kept the idea that animals speak like an exaggerated version of an internet-savvy human, but as our definitions of what it means to be a human on the internet have changed, so too have the voices that we give our animals. Wow.
SMILIES WITH NOSES FOREVER :-] but seriously. in my final year of college, 2007, I wrote a paper for my historical linguistics class about the evolution of internet chat-speak, specifically the use of rebus and pictogram, and it’s crazy how much things have changed. to me, this current practice shows a generation that is more comfortable with a keyboard, who doesn’t find typing “see you later” a hardship, and who can type “THIS FUCKING I CAN’T I CANNOT EVEN GOODBYE FOREVER GOODBYE I’M DONE” with as much ease as “omfg rofl”
and i’m sure unlimited texts, high speeds and larger data allowances, and the ubiquity of internet access has also contributed. packing more emotion into less space isn’t a priority anymore.